The first thing that grabs your attention in the Qutub complex is Qutub Minar. It is 73m long, so you can’t miss it. The second very important monument on this site is the iron pillar, which is famous because it doesn’t rust. These two monuments are surrounded by ruins of ancient Hindu temples, 27 temples to be precise.
Qutub Minar complex has years of history and many fascinating stories surrounding it. Here are a few of them.
Top 5 famous stories of Qutub Minar/complex
#1 Qutub Minar is not constructed by Qutub-ud-Din Aibak
Many blogs argue how and why Qutub Minar is not built by Qutubuddin. There are no proofs to this claim, but famous archeologists and philosophers are backing this. Including Muslim archaeologist Sayyid Ahmad Khan in his paper Āsār us-ṣanāddīd in 1852.
#2 Qutub Minar was Dhruva Stambh
Islamic rulers generally destroyed all the sculptures and relics of Hindu gods after invasion as idol worship is against their religious preaching. Qutubuddin did not demolish this Hindu tower. Instead, he restored it as an Islamic monument by covering it with new wall paintings and sculptures. To support this, we can see that there are Hindu sculpting in between Islamic verses, which shows he did not do a good job covering it up.
#3 Iron pillar and Chariots of the Gods
Iron pillar is believed to be constructed in 1600BC or much before that. Nobody is sure of who built it or when they built it. In 1968, Erich von Däniken, in his book, Chariots of the Gods, cited the absence of corrosion on the Delhi pillar and the unknown nature of its creation as evidence of extraterrestrial visitation. A paper was published in November 1998, by Dr. Balasubramaniam, suggesting that there is a coat of Misawite on the pillar, which is preventing it from rusting. This demonstrates people of 1600BC had higher knowledge and understanding of Chemistry, as modern science discovered FeOOH in 1961. So Erich was partly correct, but alien theory seems illogical to me. Why can’t we appreciate our ancestors to be smart rather than giving all credits to aliens?
There is a cannonball mark on the iron pillar. Cannon was specially positioned targeting pillar to break it, The pillar survived the close-range direct hit of cannon. Wow! Literally unbreakable. Also, this ancient pillar was built using forge welding, another feather in the cap.
#4 The inscription on iron pillar does not imply Chandragupta II
[khi]nnasyeva visṛjya gāṃ narapater ggām āśritasyetarāṃ mūrtyā karrmajitāvaniṃ gatavataḥ kīrtyā sthitasya kṣitau [*|]
śāntasyeva mahāvane hutabhujo yasya pratāpo mahān nādyāpy
utsṛjati praṇāśitaripor yyatnasya śeṣaḥ kṣitim [||*]
The translation goes as follows :
He (Chandra) has left this world in actual physical form to another world, he won this place by merit of his deeds, although he is no more, but the legacy of his achievement is so great that he seems to remain on earth by virtue of his fame.
There is a debate on who is [He] Chandra. It is believed to be Chandragupta II because the writing resembles his era, but there is a piece of strong evidence to deny it. The inscription reads he had conquered the entire Indian subcontinent, including the Indian ocean. Chandragupta did not conquer the southern ocean [No proof]. There is a belief that this pillar is in honor of Sri Ramachandra, who is a very famous God for Hindus. Who was believed to have conquered all of India ‘including’ Lanka from Ravana, and left this world in his pushpak viman to go to Vishnulok [Mythology]? So it’s a goodbye note on pillar?
#5 Qutub Minar was not a tower to call for prayer
Everybody is so carried away by Minar and iron pillar that very few people notice the organization of buildings in complex. Doesn’t it seem like these quarters are so well planned? A square in the middle like a gas station or a parking lot, or like assembly place for fire safety. But point to be noted is that Qutub Minar is exactly in 1:10 ratio with iron pillar. Qutub Minar could have been a watchtower to notice what all is going on in complex or in the sky.
An article by postcard explains the work of Prof. Bhatnagar. They mention that this place was known to be Mehrauli, it derives its name from Mihira-Awali. Mihira, was an astronomer in court of King Vikramaditya. As Islam does not encourage astronomy, this place was ordered to be demolished. Qutub Tower is believed to be a post for astronomical observations, and the temples surrounding it depict 27 constellations of the Hindu zodiac.
So basically, it was a watchtower in some sense. The current version of the description for Qutub Minar that it was used to call for prayers doesn’t make any sense. Nobody would hear a man screaming from the top of the tower of that great height, that too in the age where there was no loudspeaker.
These stories are quite appealing, and there are many such anomalies in the current version of history about Qutub Minar. Whatever be the bitter truth, it is essential to know it. There should be more archaeological and scientific studies on this site. Definitely not to claim if it’s Hindu monument or Islamic, as both are equal parts of history. But to know the science behind it. How did Qutub Minar serve its purpose if it was a watchtower? How many constellations did our ancients know about? How did they know manage to build a rust-free iron pillar, which is a mystery to our scientist even to this day?
People should not treat it as just another monument in front of which you need a photo for your Instagram profile. Let me know your thoughts in comments below, it sounds like science fiction or advanced lost civilization to you?